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The Adoption Process
What you need to know
IAA are committed to providing information and support to families who are engaged in intercountry adoption. This page is being updated, and will provide initial answers to some frequently asked questions.
Introduction to Intercountry Adoption
WHO CAN ADOPT?
This guide is intended for people interested in intercountry adoption, who are resident in Ireland. Irish residents who wish to adopt a child abroad are required to have their eligibility and suitability established by the HSE or by an accredited assessment agency prior to adopting.
The eligibility criteria for adoption are provided for under the Adoption Act 2010. In order to be eligible to adopt you must fall into one of the following categories:
- You are a married couple living together. This is the only circumstance where the law permits the adoption of a child by more than one person;
- You are a married person living alone. In this circumstance the spouse’s consent to the adoption must be obtained, unless they are living apart and are separated under (i) a court decree, (ii) a deed of separation, (iii) the spouse has deserted the prospective adopter or (iv) conduct on the part of the spouse results in the prospective adopter,with just cause, leaving the spouse and living apart;
- You are the mother, father or a relative of the child (relative meaning a grandparent, brother, sister, uncle or aunt of the child and/or the spouse of any such person, the relationship to the child being traced through the mother or the father);
- You are a sole applicant not covered in any of the categories above and the Adoption Authority is satisfied that, in the particular circumstances of the case, it is desirable to grant an adoption order.
There is also a minimum age limit for adoption. You must be at least 21 years of age if the child is not a relative. If the child is to be adopted by the natural father or mother, or a relative of the child, only one of you must have attained the age of 21.
Currently there is NO UPPER AGE LIMIT in Irish statute in relation to intercountry adoption, nor is one applied by the Adoption Authority in relation to the decision to issue a Declaration of Eligibility and Suitability (“Declaration”).
As regards residency, you must be ordinarily resident in the State and must have resided in the State for at least one year before the date of the making of the Adoption Order.
Suitability assessments may only be carried out by the HSE or by any accredited assessment agency. However ALL applications for assessment must, in the first instance be made to the HSE. The HSE has statutory power to allocate assessments to accredited assessment agencies.
The 5 Standards
In assessing your suitability regard shall be had to the following standards:
- The capacity to safeguard the child throughout his or her childhood;
- The capacity to provide the child with family life that will promote his or her development and well being and have due regard to the physical, emotional, social, health, educational, cultural, spiritual and other dimensions. The resources that families can draw on will vary from family to family and may change over time. Whatever circumstances the family find themselves in, the applicant/s will be able to demonstrate their understanding of the importance of maintaining an on-going and meaningful relationship with their child;
- The capacity to provide an environment where the child’s original nationality, race, culture, language and religion will be valued and appropriately promoted throughout childhood. This will include the capacity of the parent/s to recognise the differences between themselves and their child within these areas and to recognise and try to combat racism and other institutional and personal oppressive forces within society;
- The capacity to recognise and understand the impact of being an adopted child from an overseas country on the development of the child’s identity throughout their childhood and beyond;
- The capacity to recognise the need for and to arrange for appropriate support and intervention from health, social services, educational, and other services throughout childhood.
HOW TO APPLY:
Applications must be made to the HSE. Contact Details for the HSE are listed in the Useful Addresses section at the end of this Guide.
Developing Adoption Awareness at School, 24th May 2014
This information afternoon will provide Practical skills for preparing ourselves, our children and the school staff to deal with adoption matters in the classroom and in the playground. Building resilience in our children and helping to prepare a toolbox of answers and strategies.
Information Evening – Preparing for the Return Trip, 21st March 2014
How do you prepare for a return trip to your child’s birth country?
This visit is so much more than what to pack and what to bring back. The journey is about giving your child(ren) the experiences, the information, and the tools they need to be comfortable with who they are. The journey is about giving our child(ren) what they need to become self confident and emotionally healthy individuals. Experiences that will encourage a strong two-culture identity. This event will be facilitated by Peadar Maxwell, Registered Psychologist, HSE & Private Practice. These issues and more will be discussed on the night, with an opportunity for Q&A at the end of the evening.
Easter Egg Hunt – Donadea Forest Park, 12 April 2014
Annual fun afternoon out for all the family. Family ticket includes up to 2 adults and 2 children. Pre-booking essential.
2014 Upcoming Events
A very successful calendar of events was run in 2013. Events are open to non-members but at an additional charge. The calendar of events for 2014 is updated as events are scheduled. Please check back regularly for updates. Thank you.
11.03.14 Media Statement in response to recent articles in Irish Times and RTE Radio 1
The International Adoption Association (IAA) welcomes and applauds Rosita Boland on her honest and accurate portrayal of the adoption community in Ireland at this time. The IAA fully supports Ireland’s implementation of the Hague Convention and all the protection it affords to children and we recognise that adoption is a service for children and not […]
AAI Notice, India, 11th February 2014
On 1 July 2011, the Adoption Authority of Ireland (AAI) was notified by the Indian National Central Authority (NCA) – known as CARA,that CARA would not be accepting dossiers from Irish applicants either until 30 September 2011 or until further notice. There has been no change to this position for ‘normal category’ cases. CARA will […]
AAI Notice – Withdrawing from the Adoption Process – 20th January 2014
The Adoption Authority of Ireland will be returning a number of child referrals this week to their country of origin.For varying reasons, the prospective adoptive parents are not in a position to accept the referrals. Prospective adoptive parents are reminded that they should inform the Authority immediately in writing if and when they decide to […]
AAI Notice – Statistics for 2013, 13th January 2014
The Adoption Authority of Ireland have issued Statistics for 2013. For Entire listing click here: http://www.aai.gov.ie/attachments/article/32/Notice%20-%202013%20Annual%20Stats%20website.pdf Relevant ICA Statistics: Declarations Granted (ICA) 266 Extensions Granted (ICA) 94 Article 17 Agreements issued 15 Entries in the Register of Intercountry Adoptions (Irish Residents) 74 Entries in the Register of Intercountry Adoptions (non-Irish Residents) 67 Entries in the […]
AAI notice – USA – 9 Jan 2014
The National Central Authority of the United States of America (the U.S. Department of State in Washington DC) has informed the Adoption Authority of Ireland that the Council on Accreditation, the US entity responsible for the accreditation of Adoption Service Providers in the USA, has suspended accreditation for Adoption Advocates Inc. of Florida, U.S.A. with […]
AAI Notice – Adoption (Amendment) Act 2013
The Adoption (Amendment) Act 2013 has recently been enacted. The Adoption Authority of Ireland has examined its records and has identified a number of prospective adoptive parents as potential candidates for availing of the new legislation. As a result of the Adoption (Amendment) Act 2013, Declarations of Eligibility & Suitability granted to prospective adoptive parents […]
Archived News Items
For News Items prior to 31st January 2013 please click here: http://www.iaaireland.org/media/
NOTICE – GUARDIANSHIP ORDERS (incl. Philippines and India)
Prospective adoptive parents who are offered the possibility of bringing a child to Ireland under a Guardianship Order for the purposes of adoption in Ireland are strongly advised to seek independent legal advice prior to doing so. The 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption makes provision for […]
AAI Announcement via Minister Frances Fitzgerald – VIETNAM and INDIA – 24 May 2012
24 May 2012 Adoption Authority Announcements A Vietnamese delegation is travelling to Ireland on week commencing the 25th June to advance the administrative agreement presented to the Vietnamese Ministry of Justice in January of this year. A delegation from the Adoption Authority of Ireland will travel to New Delhi on the 18th June to discuss […]
AAI Notice – MEXICO – 17 May 2012
The United Mexican States ratified the 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption on 14 September 1994 with effect from 1 May 1995. Ireland ratified the 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption on 28 July 2010 with effect from 1 […]
AAI Notice – KAZAKHSTAN – 17 May 2012
The Republic of Kazakhstan ratified the 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption on 9 July 2010 with effect from 1 November 2010. Ireland ratified the 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption on 28 July 2010 with effect from 1 […]
AAI Notice – SOUTH AFRICA – 17 May 2012
The Republic of South Africa ratified the 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption on 6 June 2003 with effect from 1 October 2003. Ireland ratified the 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption on 28 July 2010 with effect from […]
AAI Update – Adoption from THAILAND – 17 May 2012
The Kingdom of Thailand ratified the 1993 Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption and on 29 April 2004 with effect from 1 August 2004. Ireland ratified the Convention on 28th July 2010 with effect from 1 November 2010. Article 2 of the Hague Convention states that the Convention […]
AAI Notice – Hague Countries Information – 21 May 2012
Issued by the Adoption Authority of Ireland “For the latest information on adoption from Hague Countries please check “Hague Countries” on the home page of the AAI website and choose the Country you are interested in. This information will be updated on an ongoing basis. www.aai.gov.ie
Adoption Authority Notice – BOARD APPOINTMENT – 30 April 2012
The Authority wishes to announce the recent appointment of Dr. Imelda Ryan, to the Authority pursuant to Section 98(3)(e) of the Adoption Act 2010. Dr. Ryan is a Consultant Child Psychiatrist at Our Lady’s Hospital for Sick Children, Crumlin, Dublin 12